Qemu Config Drive

posted 2 years ago by Ben Cordero

Recently, I've been working on ways to create OpenStack ready cloud images. While I do have acess to a local instance of OpenStack, sometimes it becomes necessary to test the images on a local machine to fine tune the boot process.

The minimum necessary files needed to boot a cloud image are the meta-data and user-data files.


instance-id: iid-gentoo
local-hostname: gentoo


  - ssh-ed25519 AAAA...

For more examples about what you can include in a cloud-config file, see the documentation.

Finally, pack these two files into a FAT32 filesystem.

$ truncate -s 2M cloudconfig.img
$ /usr/sbin/mkfs.vfat -n cidata cloudconfig.img
$ mcopy -oi cloudconfig.img user-data meta-data ::

To test it out, you can download one of my Gentoo OpenStack images.

$ wget https://dl.condi.me/gentoo-systemd/latest/gentoo-systemd.qcow2
$ qemu-img resize gentoo-systemd.qcow2 50G
$ qemu-system-x86_64 \
-enable-kvm \
-drive file=gentoo-systemd.qcow2,if=virtio,format=qcow2 \
-drive file=cloudconfig.img,if=virtio,format=raw \
-net nic -net user,hostfwd=tcp::2222-:22 \

In a new shell, login over ssh.

$ ssh gentoo@localhost -p 2222 \
-o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -o UserKnownHostsFile=/dev/null

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